Electric Renewable Energy Systems

Electric Renewable Energy Systems

: ELSEVIER

: 1110000016993

: Book

$139.95
    • This derivative volume stemming from content included in our seminal Power Electronics Handbook takes its chapters related to renewables and establishes them at the core of a new volume dedicated to the increasingly pivotal and as yet under-published intersection of Power Electronics and Alternative Energy. While this re-versioning provides a corollary revenue stream to better leverage our core handbook asset, it does more than simply re-package existing content. Each chapter will be significantly updated and expanded by more than 50%, and all new introductory and summary chapters will be added to contextualize and tie the volume together. Therefore, unlike traditional derivative volumes, we will be able to offer new and updated material to the market and include this largely original content in our ScienceDirect Energy collection.

 

    • Due to the inherently multi-disciplinary nature of renewables, many engineers come from backgrounds in Physics, Materials, or Chemical Engineering, and therefore do not have experience working in-depth with electronics. As more and more alternative and distributed energy systems require grid hook-ups and on-site storage, a working knowledge of batteries, inverters and other power electronics components becomes requisite. Further, as renewables enjoy broadening commercial implementation, power electronics professionals are interested to learn of the challenges and strategies particular to applications in alternative energy. This book will bring each group up-to-speed with the primary issues of importance at this technological node.

 

 

  • This content clarifies the juncture of two key coverage areas for our Energy portfolio: alternative sources and power systems. It serves to bridge the information in our power engineering and renewable energy lists, supporting the growing grid cluster in the former and adding key information on practical implementation to the latter.

Key Features

  • Provides a thorough overview of the key technologies, methods and challenges for implementing power electronics in alternative energy systems for optimal power generation
  • Includes hard-to-find information on how to apply converters, inverters, batteries, controllers and more for stand-alone and grid-connected systems
  • Covers wind and solar applications, as well as ocean and geothermal energy, hybrid systems and fuel cells

Readership

Researchers, engineers and scientists working with renewable energy, energy storage and/or grid transmission. Power engineers, systems planners and operators, energy storage engineers & designers

Table of Contents

  • Dedication
  • List of Contributors
  • About the Editor-in-Chief
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgments
  • 1: Introduction to electrical energy systems
    • Abstract
    • 1.1. Electrical energy systems
    • 1.2. Energy and power
    • 1.3. AC versus DC supply
    • 1.4. Basic energy conversion processes
    • 1.5. Review of the laws of thermodynamics
    • 1.6. Photovoltaic energy conversion systems
    • 1.7. Electrochemical energy conversion systems
    • 1.8. Thermoelectric energy conversion systems
    • 1.9. Electromechanical energy conversion systems
    • 1.10. Energy storage
    • 1.11. Efficiency and losses
    • 1.12. Energy resources
    • 1.13. Environmental considerations
  • 2: Components of electric energy systems
    • Abstract
    • 2.1. Introduction
    • 2.2. Power plants
    • 2.3. Electric power generators
    • 2.4. Transformers
    • 2.5. Transmission lines
    • 2.6. Relays and circuit breakers
    • 2.7. Voltage regulators
    • 2.8. Subtransmission
    • 2.9. Distribution systems
    • 2.10. Loads
    • 2.11. Power capacitors
    • 2.12. Control centers
    • 2.13. Worldwide standards for household voltage and frequency
    • 2.14. Representation of an electrical energy system
    • 2.15. Equivalent circuits and reactance diagrams
    • 2.16. Per-unit system
    • 2.17. Summary
  • 3: Solar energy
    • Abstract
    • 3.1. Introduction
    • 3.2. Passive solar energy system
    • 3.3. Active solar energy system (photovoltaic)
    • 3.4. Ideal PV model
    • 3.5. Practical PV model
    • 3.6. Effect of irradiance and temperature on solar cells
    • 3.7. PV module
    • 3.8. Daily power profile of PV array
    • 3.9. Photovoltaic system integration
    • 3.10. Evaluation of PV systems
    • 3.11. Advantages of solar energy
    • 3.12. Disadvantage
    • 3.13. Summary
  • 4: Wind energy
    • Abstract
    • 4.1. Introduction
    • 4.2. Wind turbine
    • 4.3. Kinetic energy of wind
    • 4.4. Aerodynamic force
    • 4.5. Power output from practical turbines
    • 4.6. Tip speed ratio
    • 4.7. Coefficient of performance and turbine efficiency
    • 4.8. Operating range of wind turbine
    • 4.9. Classifications of wind turbines
    • 4.10. Types of wind turbine generator systems
    • 4.11. Wind farm performance
    • 4.12. Advantages and disadvantages
    • 4.13. Summary
  • 5: Hydroelectricity
    • Abstract
    • 5.1. Introduction
    • 5.2. Process of hydroelectricity
    • 5.3. Basics of pumps and turbines
    • 5.4. Electric generators and energy conversion schemes for hydroelectricity
    • 5.5. Summary
  • 6: Fuel cells
    • Abstract
    • 6.1. Introduction
    • 6.2. Fuel cell fundamentals
    • 6.3. Modeling of ideal fuel cells
    • 6.4. Advantages and disadvantages of fuel cells
    • 6.5. Power applications of fuel cells
    • 6.6. FC and environment: hydrogen production and safety
    • 6.7. Hydrogen economy
  • 7: Geothermal energy
    • Abstract
    • 7.1. Introduction
    • 7.2. Geothermal energy uses and types
    • 7.3. Evaluation of geothermal power plant
    • 7.4. Summary
    • Nomenclature
    • Acknowledgment
  • 8: Utilization of bioresources as fuels and energy generation
    • Abstract
    • 8.1. Introduction
    • 8.2. Biomass characterization
    • 8.3. Pretreatment of biomass
    • 8.4. Thermal conversion processes
    • 8.5. Densification of biomass
    • 8.6. Biomass gasification
    • 8.7. Biodiesel fuels
    • 8.8. Bioethanol from biomass
    • 8.9. Present and future utilization scenario of biomass
    • 8.10. Conclusions
  • 9: Single-phase AC supply
    • Abstract
    • 9.1. Introduction
    • 9.2. Alternating current waveform
    • 9.3. Root mean square
    • 9.4. Phase shift
    • 9.5. Concept of phasors
    • 9.6. Complex number analysis
    • 9.7. Complex impedance
    • 9.8. Electric power
    • 9.9. Electrical energy
    • 9.10. Advantages and disadvantages of a single-phase supply
    • 9.11. Summary
  • 10: Three-phase AC supply
    • Abstract
    • 10.1. Introduction
    • 10.2. Generation of three-phase voltages
    • 10.3. Connections of three-phase circuits
    • 10.4. Circuits with mixed connections
    • 10.5. Power calculation of balanced three-phase circuit
    • 10.6. Advantages and disadvantages of three-phase supply
    • 10.7. Summary
  • 11: Magnetic circuits and power transformers
    • Abstract
    • 11.1. Introduction
    • 11.2. Magnetic circuits
    • 11.3. Equivalent circuit of a core excited by an AC MMF
    • 11.4. Principle of operation of a transformer
    • 11.5. Voltage, current, and impedance transformations
    • 11.6. Nonideal transformer and its equivalent circuits
    • 11.7. Tests on transformers
    • 11.8. Transformer polarity
    • 11.9. Transformers in parallel
    • 11.10. Three-phase transformer connections
    • 11.11. Special transformer connection
    • 11.12. Parallel operation of three-phase transformers
    • 11.13. Autotransformers
    • 11.14. Three-winding transformers
    • 11.15. Instrument transformers
    • 11.16. Third harmonics in transformers
    • 11.17. Transformers in a microgrid
    • 11.18. Summary
  • 12: Renewable energy generators and control
    • Abstract
    • 12.1. Introduction – general
    • 12.2. General features of electric machines
    • 12.3. Basic construction
    • 12.4. Type of electric supply and load
    • 12.5. Basic energy conversion principles
    • 12.6. Synchronous generators
    • 12.7. Induction machines
    • 12.8. Practical renewable energy-based power generating schemes
    • 12.9. Summary
  • 13: Power semiconductor devices
    • Abstract
    • 13.1. Introduction
    • 13.2. Power diodes
    • 13.3. Bipolar junction transistors (BJT)
    • 13.4. Metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistor
    • 13.5. Insulated gate bipolar transistors (IGBTs)
    • 13.6. GaN- and SiC-based devices
    • 13.7. Silicon-controlled rectifiers
    • 13.8. Gate turn-off thyristors
    • 13.9. Integrated gate commutated thyristors
    • 13.10. Guidelines for selecting devices
    • 13.11. Summary
  • 14: AC–DC converters (rectifiers)
    • Abstract
    • 14.1. Introduction
    • 14.2. Performance parameters
    • 14.3. Single-phase full-bridge rectifier circuit
    • 14.4. Three-phase full-bridge rectifier
    • 14.5. PWM rectifier
    • 14.6. Single-phase full-bridge controlled rectifier
    • 14.7. Three-phase controlled rectifier
    • 14.8. Filters for AC to DC converters
    • 14.9. Summary
  • 15: DC–DC converters
    • Abstract
    • 15.1. Introduction
    • 15.2. Basic nonisolated switch-mode DC–DC converters
    • 15.3. DC–DC converter applications
    • 15.4. Buck converter
    • 15.5. Boost converter
    • 15.6. Buck–boost converter
    • 15.7. SEPIC converter
    • 15.8. Summary
  • 16: DC–AC inverters
    • Abstract
    • 16.1. Introduction
    • 16.2. Single-phase voltage-source inverters
    • 16.3. Three-phase bridge voltage-source inverters
    • 16.4. Multistepped Inverters
    • 16.5. PWM inverters
    • 16.6. Current-source inverters
    • 16.7. Summary
  • 17: Electric power transmission
    • Abstract
    • 17.1. Introduction
    • 17.2. Overhead transmission lines
    • 17.3. Transmission line parameters
    • 17.4. Transmission line representation
    • 17.5. Transmission line as a two-port network and power flow
    • 17.6. High voltage DC transmission
    • 17.7. Summary
  • 18: Electric power systems
    • Abstract
    • 18.1. Introduction
    • 18.2. Phases of power system engineering
    • 18.3. Interconnected systems
    • 18.4. Fault analysis
    • 18.5. Power flow study
    • 18.6. Power system stability
    • 18.7. Summary
  • 19: Control of photovoltaic technology
    • Abstract
    • 19.1. Introduction to semiconductor physics
    • 19.2. Basics of a photovoltaic cell
    • 19.3. Maximum power point tracking
    • 19.4. Shading impact on PV characteristics
    • 19.5. Mode of operation of a PV system
  • 20: Integration of distributed renewable energy systems into the smart grid
    • Abstract
    • 20.1. Introduction
    • 20.2. Conventional power generation
    • 20.3. Electricity generation from renewable energy resources
    • 20.4. Grid connection of distributed RES
    • 20.5. Distributed renewable energy sources
    • 20.6. Voltage control in power networks
    • 20.7. Power quality and harmonics
    • 20.8. Regulations for connection of distributed RES to the grid
    • 20.9. Smart grid solutions
  • 21: Environmental impacts of renewable energy
    • Abstract
    • 21.1. Introduction
    • 21.2. Environmental concerns related to fossil fuel power plants
    • 21.3. Environmental concerns related to hydroelectric power plants
    • 21.4. Environmental concerns related to nuclear power plants
    • 21.5. Environmental concerns related to renewable energy
    • 21.6. Summary
  • Author Index
  • Subject Index

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